اصول و مبانی توسعه فناوری‌‌های ارتقای جزئی نفت سنگین در کانادا

نوع مقاله : مروری

نویسندگان

1 پژوهشگاه صنعت نفت، تهران، ایران

2 پژوهشگاه صنعت نفت،تهران، ایران

چکیده

قیر حاصل از ماسه نفت‌ها خواصی شبیه نفت فوق‌سنگین یا باقی‌ماندة خلاء پالایشگاه‌ها دارد. شرکت‌های مختلف توسعة فناوری‌ طی دهة گذشته بر روی فناوری‌‌های ارتقای جزئی قیر حاصل از ماسه‌نفت‌ها کار کرده‌اند. در این فناوری‌ها هدف سبک‌سازی جزیی قیر برای تطبیق با استانداردهای مورد نیاز ارسال با خطوط لوله می‌باشد. برخی از این فناوری‌ها در مراحل توسعه پایلوتی و برخی در حال ساخت واحد نمایشی می‌باشند. در این مقاله، ابتدا وضعیت کشور کانادا از نظر ذخایر ماسة نفتی، میزان تولید آن و روش‌های مختلف تولید ارائه می‌شود. فناوری‌های پیش‌رو در ارتقای جزئی قیر از منظر تاریخچه، مبانی علمی و اقتصاد ارائه و تحلیل می‌شود. نظر به تولید بالای نفت کوره در پالایشگاه‌های کشور و لزوم کاهش آن در قالب طرح‌های توسعه‌ای، این بررسی می‌تواند راه‌گشای خوبی برای محققین و تصمیم‌سازان صنعت پالایش نفت کشور باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Partial Upgrading Technologies Development in Canada; Fundamentals and Concept

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Ahmadi Marvast 1
  • Saeed Shokri 1
  • Hamid Ganji 1
  • Arvin Khadem Samimi 2
1 Research Institute of Petroleum Industry of Iran; Tehran 14665-137
2 Research Institute of Petroleum Industry of Iran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The decrease in recovery cost and the increase in oil price in the last decade resulted in tremendous increase in oil sands-derived bitumen production in Canada. Oil sands-derived bitumen has the same properties as heavy crude or vacuum residue. In the last decade, different technology development companies were engaged in developing partial upgrading technologies. In these technologies, bitumen properties are improved to meet the pipeline specifications. Some of these technologies are in pilot plant stage and some are in demo plant development stage. In this paper, oil sand reserves in Canada and its production are reviewed. Then premium partial upgrading technologies are presented and discussed. Technology development history, concept, and economics are the main focus in this study. As high fuel oil production is one of the main challenges of Iranian refineries, this paper could be a useful preliminary as a roadmap for researchers and the industry.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Partial upgrading
  • Bitumen
  • Sand-Oil
  • Heavy oil
  • Technology development
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