مروری بر روش‌های تبدیل ته‌مانده‌ی سنگین برج تقطیر در خلأ به مواد سودمند

نوع مقاله : مروری

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسی شیمی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران جنوب، تهران، ایران

2 شرکت پالایش نفت تبریز، دپارتمان پژوهش و فناوری، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

با توجه به کاهش منابع سوخت‌های فسیلی، افزایش ته‌مانده‌ی برج تقطیر در خلأ، به‌جامانده از فرآورده‌های سنگین نفتی، مشکلی بزرگ در صنایع نفت به شمار می‌رود که این امر موجب توجه بیش‌ازپیش محققین به‌منظور تبدیل این برش‌های سنگین به محصولات باارزش‌تر و سودمندتر شده است. امروزه انواع روش‌های فیزیکی، شیمیایی و اخیراً روش بیولوژیک، به‌عنوان روشی ارزان و زیست سازگار، به‌منظور سبک ‌سازی ته‌مانده‌ی برج تقطیر در خلأ مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرند. مقاله‌ی حاضر مروری است بر انواع روش‌های رایج به‌منظور ارتقاء و سبک‌سازی ته‌مانده‌ی سنگین برج تقطیر در خلأ.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Review of the Upgrading Methods for Heavy Vacuum Distillation Residue (Vacuum Residue) into Useful Materials

نویسندگان [English]

  • bahareh khodashenas 1
  • Ramin Zadghaffari 2
1 Department of Chemical Engineering, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Tabriz Oil Refining Company, Research and Technology Department
چکیده [English]

Due to the reduction of fossil fuels resources the increase in the vacuum distillation residues which is left by the heavy petroleum products is a major problem in the oil industry, which has led researchers to pay more attentions to the turning of these heavy cuts into more valuable and useful products. Today, a variety of physical, chemical and, more recently, biological methods, as a cheap and bio-compatible method, are used to lighten the vacuum distillation tower residues. The present article is an overview of the various common methods for upgrading and lightening the heavy residue of the vacuum distillation tower.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Vacuum Residue
  • Thermal cracking
  • Ultrasonic
  • Biosurfactants
  • Catalytic cracking
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