عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Nowadays, with the increasing need for industrial development and exploitation of energy resources, trying to optimize energy consumption has become a main objective. Awareness with one of the most important tools that can be useful in its development. Process analysis system with balance exergy in recent decades, most used in identifying energy waste and help enhance the efficiency. The lack of a comprehensive history of the development of this concept, the exergy existing relationships for different form of the flows, Exergy balance and how to calculate process efficiency in different ways is clearly visible. Thus, in this article is tried to collect the history, overview of the concept and the importance and role of exergy analysis on the design and development of sustainable processes is discussed through a number of practical and industrial case studies. Thus, the ability to exergy analysis with existing relationships can be achieved.