نوع مقاله : ترویجی
عنوان مقاله [English]
In this paper, a review has been conducted on integrated design of water network in process industries. First, the concept of water network synthesis has been defined and categorized in the two main groups of (i) Fixed mass load and (ii) fixed flow rate. In order to solve water network synthesis problems, two water pinch and mathematical optimization approaches are being used and the published researches related to each of these approaches are reviewed. In the end, the water consumption network and the limiting pollutants of water reuse in oil refinery are studied and some of the most important researches about solving this problem in oil refinery are presented considering different aspects such as the number of key pollutants, problem description and their solving approach points of view. Some studies reported that Water Pinch Analysis and could reduce water consumption in process significantly.