نوع مقاله : ترویجی
دانشیار، پژوهشگاه صنعت نفت، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Innovation in the oil refining industry has led to the creation of a new term called petro-refinery. Petro-refineries are the evolution of the oil refining industry against external factors of "technology push" and "market needs". In this paper, the creation of petro-refinery innovation from the perspective of these factors in the national and international dimensions is described. The main factors of market demand at the international level, including energy transition requirements, reduction of fossil fuel consumption and further added value of petrochemicals production, have been studied in detail. At the national level, the need to control the energy demand side and the reasons for excessive energy consumption in Iran have been described. The role of high energy demand in changing the nature of the refining industry from a profit-oriented industry to a fuel-oriented industry has also been considered. The role of energy subsidies in shifting the refining industry to the fuel-based industry has also been studied. From the perspective of "technology push", international achievements in the field of petroleum refineries have been presented. The technologies developed in this field show that these technologies will play a key role in the future of the petro-refinery industry. Finally, different generations of petro-refineries and the status of them in the world are discussed.