مدل‌سازی و ارزیابی پیامد بروز سانحه در مخازن استوانه‌ای ذخیره متان: مطالعه موردی پالایشگاه شهید هاشمی نژاد (خانگیران - سرخس)

نوع مقاله: علمی ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو

2 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه صنعت نفت

چکیده

ببه‌منظور اجرای واقع‌گرایانه مدیریت بحران، باید سوانح قابل وقوع، به‌درستی کشف و پیامدهای ناشی از آنان به‌طور علمی ارزیابی شوند. هرگونه نشتی در مخازن استوانه‌ای ذخیره متان می‌تواند منجر به بروز حادثه آتش‌سوزی، انفجار، خسارت به تجهیزات یا ایجاد مسمومیت برای کارکنان یا مردم باشد؛ بنابراین با ارزیابی پیامد و مدل‌سازی آن می‌توان شدت هرگونه حادثه ممکن‌الوقوع را پیش‌بینی و به کمک آن اقدامات اصلاحی متناسب را اتخاذ نمود. مدل‌سازی پیامد توسط نرم‌افزار ALOHA و ارزیابی وسعت مخاطرات با نرم‌افزار CAMEO MARPLOT برای مخازن استوانه‌ای ذخیره متان در پالایشگاه شهید هاشمی نژاد نشان داده است که بارزترین حادثه ناشی از نشت متان، جت آتش است. رعایت فواصل ایمن پالایشگاه از شهر امکان آسیب از طریق جت آتش به شهروندان را به صفر رسانده است؛ اما برای کارکنان پالایشگاه می‌بایست تدابیر ایمنی متناسب با لایه‌های مختلف خطر محتمل اندیشیده شود که این مورد در پالایشگاه شهید هاشمی‌نژاد به‌خوبی رعایت شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Modeling and assessment of accidents consequences in methane cylindrical tanks: Hasheminejad martyr refinery (Khangiran - Sarakhs)

نویسندگان [English]

  • morteza Jalali alenjareghi 1
  • Seyed Jalal'eddin Hashemi 2
1 university student
چکیده [English]

In order to implement realistic crisis management, the probable accidents consequences must properly be explored and assessed scientifically. Any leakage in them can lead to fire, explosion, equipment damage or toxicity to personnel or people, so that it can be modeled to assess and predict the impact and severity of any incident by adopting appropriate corrective measures. consequence modeling software ALOHA to help assess the extent of the risks and CAMEO MARPLOT software for storing methane conical tanks at the refinery martyr Hasheminejad done, it has been found that most accident caused by the leakage of methane, is jet fire. Refinery compliance a safe distance from city, possiblility of damage by fire jet to citizens tend to zero, but for refinery personnel appropriate safety measures to the various levels of risk should be considered likely that the case is well respected Hasheminezhad martyr refinery.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Modeling
  • Risk Assessment
  • consequence assessment
  • methane tanks
  • crisis management
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